Philadelphia Public Art

Exhibit: War

Philadelphia is full of memorials to individual officers, people killed in the line of duty, and the victims of genocide. They are listed here in historical order by conflict, with those not related to any one particular war listed first.

Civil Service

Brigadier General Smedley D. Butler
* Bas-relief bust of Smedley D. Butler
* small head and upper torso
* inscription:
United States Marine Corps
Director of
Public Safety
January 7, 1924
December 23, 1925
He enforced the law impartially
He defended it courageously
He proved incorruptible
* Interior. North Pavilion of City Hall. South side of JFK at Broad.
* 39.952950,-75.163500 [map]
* On the City Hall tour
* See also:'s Smedley Butler page's City Hall page's City Hall page

Groups - Multiple Wars

21st Ward War Memorial
* closed arch, eagle
* inscription:
To the memory of the boys from the 21st Ward who lost their lives in the World War 1914-1918
Korean * World War II * Vietnam
Greater love hath no man than this: that a man lay down his life for his friends.
How sleep the brave who sink to rest by all their country's wishes blest. By fairy hands their knell is rung by unseen forms their dirge is sung.
All time will be the millennium of their glory.
* Along the Northwest edge of Gorgas Park. Ridge and Gates.
* 40.036750,-75.221000 [map]

Bishop Neumann and Southeast Catholic War Memorials
* Statue of Mary
* standing person, flowers, Army, Navy, and Marine insignia, eagle
* The stone lists students with graduation dates from 1955 to 1968
* inscription:
plaque top:
In memory of those who gave their lives
plaque bottom:
1941 World War II 1945
stone top:
In memory of those men who made the supreme sacrifice
Southeast Catholic, Bishop Neumann
stone bottom:
I have fought the good fight. I have finished the race.
I have kept the faith.
Timothy 4:7-8
* East side of Saints John Neumann and Maria Goretti Catholic High School. West side of 10th at Moore.
* 39.927150,-75.162200 [map]
* On the South Philly tour
* Other exhibits: Religious
* See also:'s Mary, mother of Jesus page

Corp. James J. Cochran VFW Post 251 Memorial
* Named for James J. Cochran
* small VFW emblem, eagles, arrows and shield, olive branch
* There is no record of what war Cochran fought in. The VFW Post, which has since closed, was named for him in 1919. Whether this was intended as a memorial to Cochran in particular or a tribute to all the members of the Post is unclear.
* inscription:
Corp. James J. Cochran
Post No. 251
Veterans of Foreign Wars
of the United States
* North side of the triangle at 37th, Powelton, and Lancaster.
* 39.959610,-75.195335 [map]
* On the Powelton tour
* Other exhibits: Unidentified
* See also:
+Scott Ryder's Powelton Post article about the memorial

Patrick Ward Memorial Park
* In memory of Hugo T. Caroselli, David F. Jones, Joe L. Kelly Sr., Joseph E. Shubiak and Patrick E. Ward
* actual US and POW flags, keystone, headshot, hat
* Many of the names are initials or nicknames. I've called out here the names that were most obvious and complete.
* inscription:
In memory of
Sp./4 Patrick E. Ward
Killed in Vietnam
Aug. 22, 1968
And to all the men and women of the neighborhood who gave their today for our tomorrow

Hugo "Hugie" T. Caroselli
The Mayor of 24th and Aspen
Hugo proudly served as a Staff Sergent in the US Army Air Corps during WWII.
Hugo was a founder and dedicated overseer of Patrick Ward Memorial Park
Hugo will always be remembered for his generosity, wisdom, wit, and especially for his kindness.
Hugo's undying commitment to his wife Anna, his family, his community, his church and his country made him a hero to any who knew him. Hugie will always live in our hearts.

PFC David F. Jones
Serial Number 33583089
Company A 32nd Infantry Regiment
U.S. Army
Born Jan. 5, 1923
Died Dec. 2, 1948
David F. Jones, 771 N. 24th St., Phila. PA (1941 to 1943) served our country during World War II and Korea. David served in the China-India-Burma Campaign during WWII (1943 to 1946) then served in Korea 1948 where he was one of the first Americans killed Dec. 2, 1948

Sp 4 Joseph E. Shubiak

in memory of
Joe L. Kelly Sr.
Born March 11, 1929
Died August 5, 2001
Served in US Army June 10, 1951 to June 14, 1953.
Served as commander St. Francis Xavier C.W.V. Post 1020 for 32 years.
A loving husband and father.
Helped maintain Ward Park.
Always worked for Fairmount.
Sadly he will be missed.
* Northwest corner, 24th and Aspen.
* 39.968800,-75.176900 [map]
* On the Fairmount tour

Upper Burial Ground Memorials
* Relief bust of George Washington
* small head, logos of the DAR and US Daughters of 1812
* inscription:
1 (worn away):
The Upper Burial Ground
Sometimes called Ax's Burial Ground was
[Granted] to the Burrough of Germantown in [1724]
by Paul [Wullf]
[Here are] buried many of the early settlers and their descendants
[Here are the] graves of Major Irwin, Captain Turner
[Lieutenant] Lucas and six other American soldiers
killed in the Battle of Germantown
The wall was built in 1777
The Site and Relic Society of Germantown 1902
3 (long list of names omitted):
To Honor
the Revolutionary Soldiers Buried Here
Placed by Germantown Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution
In Memory of Soldiers of the War of 1812
Who lie in Upper Germantown Burying Ground
William Crout, John Paulson
George Knorr, Frederick Sheetz
Jacob K. Knorr, Edward Snyder
Lewis Lehman, Michael Snyder
John Nell, George Streeper
Jeremiah Trout
Placed by Stephen Decatur Chapter
U.S. Daughters of 1812
* Wall. Northeast side of Germantown Avenue, Northwest of Washington Lane.
* 40.043775,-75.181225 [map]
* On the Germantown Avenue tour
* Other exhibits: New
* See also:'s Upper Burial Ground page's George Washington page

All Wars Memorial to Colored Soldiers and Sailors
J. Otto Schweizer, 1934
* group of people standing, torch, hats and helmets, shield, eagles and large feather, horses, seal of Pennsylvania
* inscription:
front: Erected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in honor of her colored soldiers.
back: To commemorate the heroism and sacrifice of all colored soldiers who served in the various wars engaged in by the United States of America that a lasting record shall be made of their unselfish devotion to duty as an inspiration to future generations this monument is dedicated May 30, 1934.
right: American Revolution, Civil War, Indian Wars
left: Spanish American War, Phillipine Insurrection, World War
* West side of Logan Square. Aviator Park. Southeast of 20th and the Parkway.
* 39.958320,-75.171800 [map]
* On the Parkway and Pennsylvania tour
* Other exhibits: Moved, African American
* See also: 1935 picture of this piece from a previous location in Fairmount Park
+One of Max Buten's pictures of this piece
+Another of Max Buten's pictures of this piece's Logan Circle page

Schuylkill Navy War Memorial
* small Schuylkill Navy logo, seahorses, oars, hand, triton
* inscription:
This Grandstand is dedicated to the memory of oarsmen who made the supreme sacrifice.
World War I, World War II.
Erected by the Schuylkill Navy, July 4, 1950
* Wall. Reviewing Stands. River side of Kelly Drive.
* 39.985540,-75.202425 [map]
* On the Kelly Drive tour
* See also:
+Schuylkill Navy:

War Memorial Flagpole
Charles Rudy, 1951
* group of people standing
* Also known as All Wars Memorial to Penn Alumni
* inscription:
The University of Pennsylvania
1740 To her sons who died in the service of their country 1950
A brood of sturdy men who stood for freedom and for truth. -Sir Walter Mitchell, class of 1848.
This memorial presented by Walter H. Annenberg, class of 1931.
* East side of 33rd South of Walnut (across from Smith Walk).
* 39.951375,-75.190180 [map]
* On the Penn Campus tour
* See also:'s Charles Rudy page

War Memorial
Amelie Zell Felton, 1952
* eagle
* inscription:
front: To honor those who served
back: Dedicated by the Harrowgate Park Civic Associaton, 1952
* North side of Harrowgate Park. Southeast of Kensington and Tioga.
* 39.999600,-75.106650 [map]
* On the Kensington tour
* See also:
+Harrowgate Park

Tezzi-Reitz Veterans Memorial
* stele, memorial with VFW emblem
* Picture provided by and Copyright William Mason
* inscription:
Erected through the combined efforts of the commanding officers and members of VFW Post 250 and the public spirited people of the Port Richmond and Kensington areas, in evidence of those who gave so much to protect our God given freedom and liberty.
Memorial Day 1955
Tezzi-Reitz Post
* Southwest side of Somerset between Aramingo and Cedar St..
* 39.983275,-75.115515 [map]
* On the Kensington tour
* Other exhibits: Religious
* See also:
+Friends of Tezzi-Reitz on Facebook

Peace Memorial
Harold Kimmelman, 1974
* flag, eagle, logos of the Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marines
* inscription: Dedicated to the men and women of this community who served their country with valor and courage.
* Just off the intersection of Aramingo, Margaret, and Milnor under the I-95 ramp over Milnor.
* 40.005450,-75.076250 [map]
* On the Lower Northeast tour
* See also:

For God and Country
* small standing person, rifle, hat
* inscription:
For God and Country. We dedicate this memorial to the gallant men and women of our armed forces who served this great nation in time of peril to keep this a free nation. One Nation Under God.
* In front of the Veterans Administration Hospital. 38th and Woodland.
* 39.949050,-75.200050 [map]
* On the University City South Medical Complex tour
* Other exhibits: Religious, Unidentified

Black Bottom Memorial Wall
Andrea Zamel, 1999
* map, heart and hands symbol, standing people, sitting person, bulldozer, houses, weapons, flag
* a collaborative project with Penn and University City High School students, it was located on the West side of 36th, North of Filbert, on the Southeast corner of the High School, which was torn down in 2015
* inscription:
The Black Bottom was a predominately African American community that once existed between 32nd Street and 40th Street and between Walnut Street and Lancaster Avenue. Within these boundaries was a community based on loyalty, trust, and respect. It was born of economic adversity but based on love. Their love was for their community and its members and they cared for each other as family. Everyone was helpful to one another. The children were raised together. With pride in their hearts and pride for their community prejudice was a stranger to the people of the Black Bottom. The walls of the community were torn down to make way for "Urban Renewal." However the sense of community was planted in the hearts of the members proving that a community can thrive even in a field of barren ground. Resistance did not prevent their neighborhood from being physically destroyed but resistance preserved it in their memories even today. The community still meets every year on the last Sunday in August for the Black Bottom Reunion at Fairmount Park. It is the largest neighborhood gathering in the history of Philadelphia.
We were like a big family, close together until the bulldozers of urban renewal came around. They tore down our neighborhood - but not our spirits! The Black Bottom still is home in our hearts.
We fought to protect our neighborhood and our country.
* Wall art.
* 39.957425,-75.194200 [map]
* Other exhibits: Missing, African American
* See also:

Veterans Memorial
* actual and sculpted flags, POW-MIA, Coast Guard, Air Force, Navy, Marines and Army insignia, partial people, standing person, guard tower, anchors, weapons, eagles, ship, globe, snake
* inscription:
Philadelphia City Council in 1970 chose Veteran's Stadium as the name for the city's new sports facility. Veteran's stadium opened April 10, 1971, was closed September 28, 2003 and imploded March 21, 2004.
To commemorate the site of Veteran's Stadium, the Phillies dedicate this monument as an everlasting memorial to veterans who have defended America's freedom since its inception in Philadelphia, July 4, 1776.
* North side of Pattison, East of Broad.
* 39.905400,-75.171900 [map]
* On the South Broad tour

War for Independence / Revolutionary War

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
Jean Antoine Houdon, 1788 - 1791
* Statue of George Washington
* standing person, cane
* Copied from the original marble by Houdon in the state capitol at Richmond by special permission of the General Assembly of Virginia. An eternal flame in front of the tomb, and the flags of the 13 original colonies fly along the walk leading up to it.
* inscription:
Freedom is a light for which many men have died in darkness.
In unmarked graves within this square lie thousands of unknown soldiers of Washington's army who died of wounds and sickness during the revolutionary war.
The independence and liberty you possess are the work of joint councils and joint efforts of common dangers, sufferings, and success.
- Washington's farewell address, Sept. 17, 1796.
In memory of John Mclheiny
Under this stone rests a soldier of Washington's Army who died to give you liberty
The eternal flame dedicated in 1976 by Continental Bank in memory of those who fought and gave their lives that we might celebrate our 200th anniversary as a free people.
* Tomb. West side of Washington Square. South of 7th and Walnut.
* 39.947100,-75.152750 [map]
* On the Washington Square tour
* See also: page for this piece's Jean Antoine Houdon page's George Washington page's Washington Square page

Continental Army Encampment Memorial
* In memory of an encampment by George Washington
* rock, cannon barrels
* inscription:
The main Continental Army commanded by Gen. George Washington encamped on this and adjacent ground from Aug. 1 to Aug. 8 and from Sep. 12 to Sep. 14, 1777. Before and immediately after the Battle of the Brandywine.
Erected in 1895 by the Penna. Society of Sons of the Revolution to perpetuate the memory of the encampment.
* South corner, Fox and Queen.
* 40.018450,-75.183115 [map]
* See also:'s Battle of Brandywine page's George Washington page

Washington Square Prisoners of War Memorial
* rock
* inscription:
In memory of the many American soldiers, who, during the War for Independence, died prisoners of war in the jails of Philadlelphia, and were buried in this ground during the years 1777 and 1778. Erected by Quaker City Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution, October 1900
* East side of Washington Square. Southwest of 6th and Walnut.
* 39.947400,-75.151550 [map]
* On the Washington Square tour
* See also:'s Washington Square page

Battle of Germantown Memorial
1903 (approved by legislature)
* quote from George Washington
* stele, battlefield map with troop positions, idea
* inscription:
Washington to the President of Congress
On the whole it may be said the day was unfortunate rather than injurious. We sustained no material loss. The enemy are nothing the better by the event and our troops, who are not the least dispirited by it, have gained what all young troops gain by being in actions.
-From camp near Pennypacker's Mills, 5th October, 1777
Erected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in commemoration of the Battle of Germantown fought October 4 1777
* East side of Vernon Park. West side of Germantown, South of Price.
* 40.036300,-75.175750 [map]
* On the Germantown Avenue tour
* Other exhibits: New
* See also:'s Battle of Germantown page's George Washington page's Vernon Park tour page

Commodore John Barry, USN
Samuel Murray, 1908 (from the base; the plaque says 1907)
* Statue of John Barry
* standing person wearing a hat, telescope, sword
* inscription:
Father of the Navy of the United States. Born in Wexford, Ireland, 1745. Died in Philadelphia, 1803.
Presented to the City of Philadelphia by the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, 1907.
* South side of Independence Hall. Between Chestnut and Walnut, 5th and 6th.
* 39.948350,-75.150100 [map]
* On the Washington Square tour
* See also:
+picture of this piece from
+1912 picture of this piece from's Samuel Murray page's Commodore Barry page's Independence Hall page

Major General Peter Muhlenberg
J. Otto Schweizer, 1910
* Statue of John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg
* standing person, group of people, church interior, pulpit and pews, book, hat
* inscription:
"There is a time for all things - a time to preach and a time to fight, and now is the to fight"
Farewell sermon in the church at Woodstock, VA, 1776
1776, Charleston, Sullivans Island, Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, Stony Point, Petersburg, Yorktown, 1781
Member of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, 1784
Vice President of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 1785
Member of the first, third, and sixth Congress of the U.S.
U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania, 1801
President of the German Society of Pennsylvania, 1788 and 1802-1807
* Behind the Art Museum. Anne d'Harnocourt Drive (25th and Kelly Drive to the Spring Garden Bridge).
* 39.966600,-75.181950 [map]
* On the Art Museum Grounds tour
* Other exhibits: Religious
* See also:
+Max Buten's picture of this piece 1913 picture of this piece outside City Hall's John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg page
+Philadelphia Museum of Art

Barry Memorial
* Memorial to John Barry
* anchor, rope, plants, cross
* inscription:
In memory of John Barry, father of the American Navy, born in Co. Wexford, Ireland, March 25, 1745.
First captain of the first ship owned by the Continental Congress. Continuous in his service during the entire period of the revolution. Supreme Commander of the entire naval forces of the colonies in the war for independence. Appointed by President Washington to the highest rank and first command of the navy of the United States. He died in Philadelphia September 3, 1803, and is buried in the adjoining churchyard. Requiscat in pace.
* On the wall. Old St. Mary's. West side of 4th Street South of Locust.
* 39.945700,-75.148325 [map]
* On the Society Hill tour
* Other exhibits: Religious, Unidentified
* See also:'s Commodore Barry page

General Anthony Wayne
John Gregory, 1937
* Statue of Anthony Wayne
* seated person, horse, sword, hat
* In front of the Art Museum. 25th and the Parkway.
* 39.964750,-75.180950 [map]
* On the Art Museum Grounds tour
* See also:
+Max Buten's picture of this piece's John Gregory page's Anthony Wayne page
+Philadelphia Museum of Art

The Revolutionary Soldier
Erwin Frey, 1943
* standing person, hat, gun
* South Terrace Ellen Phillips Samuel Memorial. Kelly Drive, past Boat House Row.
* 39.972675,-75.190450 [map]
* On the Kelly Drive tour
* See also:'s Erwin Frey page's Samuel Memorial tour page

General Richard Montgomery
J. Wallace Kelly, 1946
* Statue of Richard Montgomery
* standing person, sword
* inscription:
Native of County Dublin, Ireland
General of the Continental Army
Firm believer in the cause of freedom
He lost his life in the American assault on Quebec in mid-Winter of 1775
* Part of the William M. Reilly Memorial. On the hill, South side of Kelly Drive, West of 26th.
* 39.966650,-75.182675 [map]
* On the Art Museum Grounds tour
* See also:
+Max Buten's picture of this piece's J. Wallace Kelly Page's Richard Montgomery page's Richard Montgomery page

General Casimir Pulaski
Sidney Waugh, 1947
* Statue of Casimir Pulaski
* standing person, sword, plant
* inscription:
Native of Poland
General of the Continental Army
Despairing of liberty in his native land he volunteered his services to the American Patriots.
Gave his life at the siege of Savannah.
* Part of the William M. Reilly Memorial. On the hill, South side of Kelly Drive, West of 26th.
* 39.966850,-75.182400 [map]
* On the Art Museum Grounds tour
* See also:
+Max Buten's picture of this piece 1959 picture of this piece's Sidney Waugh page's Casimir Pulaski page

General Friedrich Von Steuben
Warren Wheelock, 1947
* Statue of Friedrich Von Steuben
* standing person, hat, sword
* inscription:
Native of Prussia
Professional Soldier
He served the cause of American Independence as Major General and Inspector General. He perfected the training and organization of the Continental Army
* Part of the William M. Reilly Memorial. On the hill, South side of Kelly Drive, West of 26th.
* 39.967250,-75.182900 [map]
* On the Art Museum Grounds tour
* See also:'s Warren Wheelock page's Friedrich Von Steuben page

Marquis de Lafayette
Raoul Josset, 1947
* Statue of the Marquis de Lafayette
* standing person, sword
* inscription:
Native of France
Devoted and faithful to the cause of American Independence
General of the Continental Army
An indispensable ally of freedom
* Part of the William M. Reilly Memorial. On the hill, South side of Kelly Drive, West of 26th.
* 39.967025,-75.183200 [map]
* On the Art Museum Grounds tour
* See also: 1959 picture of this piece
+Max Buten's picture of this piece
+Another Max Buten picture of this piece's Raoul Josset page's Marquis de Lafayette page

John Paul Jones
Walker Hancock, 1957
* Statue of John Paul Jones
* standing person, hat, telescope, sword
* inscription:
Sailor and diplomat, commander of squadrons.
Against desperate odds, his own ship afire and sinking, he defeated the British man-of-war Serapis and established our power upon the seas.
He gave our Navy its first traditions of heroism and victory.
* Part of the William M. Reilly Memorial. On the hill, South side of Kelly Drive, West of 26th.
* 39.967050,-75.182625 [map]
* On the Art Museum Grounds tour
* See also: 1959 picture of this piece's Walker Hancock page's John Paul Jones page
+John Paul Jones @

General Nathanael Greene
Lewis Iselin, Jr., 1960
* Statue of Nathanael Greene
* standing person
* inscription:
We fight, get beat, rise, and fight again.
A Rhode Islander
Businessman turned soldier
Served with great distinction as Quartermaster General and Army Commander
A trusted friend of General Washington
His qualifications for statesmanship were not less remarkable than his military ability.
-Alexander Hamilton.
Second to no one in enterprise, in resource, in sound judgement, promptitude of decision, and every other military talent.
-Thomas Jefferson
* Part of the William M. Reilly Memorial. On the hill, South side of Kelly Drive, West of 26th.
* 39.966835,-75.182925 [map]
* On the Art Museum Grounds tour
* See also:
+Smithsonian interview with Lewis Iselin's Nathanael Greene page

St. Mary's School Doors
* Partial representations of John Adams, John Carroll, Katherine Drexel, Michael Francis Egan, Robert Harding and George Washington
* small partial people, hats, staff, ship, weapons, crosses
* Visible through the gate. Designed to echo the stained glass doors. The reference to Katherine Drexel is from the school's website.
* North entrance. St. Mary Interparochial School. South side of Locust, East of 5th.
* 39.946080,-75.149510 [map]
* On the Society Hill tour
* Other exhibits: Religious
* See also: page about the stained glass's John Adams page's John Carroll page's Katherine Drexel page's Michael Francis Egan page's George Washington page

The Whispering Bells of Freedom
Reginald Beauchamp, 1976
* Memorial to Crispus Attucks
* bells, buildings, people standing, prone, weapons, hats, dog
* inscription:
The whispering bells of freedom in honor of Crispus Attucks
Who on March 5, 1770 was killed by British troops in Boston while protesting conditions under the crown.
These whispers of freedom grew into the crescendo of the Declaration of Independence and the first ringing of the Liberty Bell in Independence Hall.
* Outside the African American Museum. Northwest corner, 7th and Arch.
* 39.953125,-75.151650 [map]
* On the Convention District tour
* Other exhibits: African American
* See also:
+Wikipedia's Crispus Attucks page
+African American Museum in Philadelphia

General Francisco de Miranda
Lorenzo Gonzalez, 1977
* Statue of Francisco de Miranda
* standing person, sword
* Moved 2017. Was Northwest of the current location, where the curved end of Winter is now. The first two pictures are from the new location.
* Northwest of the Southwest corner of 20th and the Parkway.
* 39.958945,-75.172675 [map]
* On the Parkway and Pennsylvania tour
* Other exhibits: New, Moved
* See also:
+Max Buten's picture of this piece Francisco de Miranda page

General Tadeusz Kosciuszko
Marian Konieczny, 1979
* Statue of Tadeusz Kosciuszko
* big standing person, hat, sword, rolled up paper
* Southwest corner, 18th and the Parkway.
* 39.956800,-75.169350 [map]
* On the Parkway and Pennsylvania tour
* See also: page for this piece's Tadeusz Kosciuszko page

The Arsenal of Independence
* Reference to Benjamin Flower
* cannon barrels, sign
* inscription: (partial)
Imagine this neighborhood filled with the sights, sounds, and smells of war. Philadelphia's tradesmen and women produced muskets, cannon, ammunition, wagons, ships, uniforms and flags that helped to win American Independence. In 1775, hat maker Benjamin Flower lived just a block from where you are standing. He joined the Revolutionary cause and became Commissary General of Military Stores for the Continental Army.
* in front of the Museum of the American Revolution. Southeast Corner, 3rd and Chestnut.
* 39.948525,-75.145935 [map]
* On the Old City tour
* See also:
+Orders to Benjamin Flower from George Washington

Washington Crossing the Delaware
Guangxi Qihe Bronze Studio, Emanuel Leutze, Dr. QiongZhao (Ellen) Schicktanz, 2017 (installed)
* Full figure relief of George Washington
* small people, mostly seated, some standing, hats, weapons, flag, boat with oars, clouds, horses
* inscription: (partial)
This bronze sculpture replicates the famous painting, Washington Crossing the Delaware by Emanuel Leutze. It depicts Gen. George Washington leading the Continental Army on a dangerous nighttime crossing of the Delaware River on December 25, 1776 to attack Hessian troops stationed at Trenton. His attack was a final, desperate effort to gain a victory after months of defeats had reduced the Army to a small, exhausted, and demoralized force. Washington's success at Trenton reinvigorated the American cause and kept the Revolution alive.
The painting captures the drama, danger, and desperation of the river crossing, even though a number of details are historically inaccurate, such as the type of boat. The artist, Emanuel Luenze, grew up and was trained in Philadelphia, but created the painting in 1850 after he returned to his native Germany. The painting was a sensation when it was displayed in America the following year.
The sculpture is a donation from Dr. QiongZhao (Ellen) Schicktanz, a naturalized Asian-American artist, in gratitude for her life as an American Citizen.
* North wall. Museum of the American Revolution. South side of Chestnut, East of 3rd.
* 39.948495,-75.145650 [map]
* On the Old City tour
* See also:'s Emanuel Leutze page (Ellen Schicktanz)'s George Washington page

War of 1812

Commodore Uriah Phillips Levy
Gregory Pototsky, 2011
* References to, statue of, in memory of: Thomas Jefferson, Uriah Phillips Levy and James A. Zimble
* small standing person, sword, paper, Star of David and U.S. Navy logo
* inscription:
April 22, 1792 - March 22, 1862

Nissan 30, 5552 - Adar II 20, 5622
"I am an American, a sailor, and a Jew."
Born in Philadelphia in 1792, Uriah Phillips Levy was a fifth generation American. According to family stories, he left for sea at ten years old, returning to celebrate his bar mitzvah here at Congregation Mikveh Israel in 1805. He served with distinction in the U.S. Navy in the War of 1812, and became the first Jewish U.S. Navy Commodore, a rank equivalent to Admiral today.
During his fifty-year naval career, Levy was court martialed six times and killed a man in a duel - all incidents related to rampant anti-Semitism. He was dismissed twice from the U.S. Navy, but was reinstated by Presidents James Monroe and John Tyler. He went on to command the Mediterranean Fleet and was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln to the Navy Court Martial Board during the Civil War. Levy played a key role in helping to repeal the flogging of sailors, making the U.S. Navy the first military organization in the world to abolish physical punishment.
Levy greatly admired President Thomas Jefferson and the Bill of Rights he crafted, which safeguarded religious liberties for all Americans. In 1832, he commissioned a statue of Jefferson, which sits in the U.S. Capitol today. In 1834, Levy purchased Monticello, Jefferson's home near Charlottesville, Virginia, which he repaired, restored, and preserved for future generations.
The World War II destroyer escort USS Levy (DE-162) was named in his honor, as were the Uriah P. Levy Jewish Chapel at the Norfolk Naval Base in Virginia, and the Commodore Uriah P. Levy Center and Jewish Chapel at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. Levy is buried at the Beth Olom Cemetery in Queens, New York.
Given with love of God and Country
in memory of Vice Admiral James A. Zimble, MC USN Ret. (1933-2011)
Beloved 30th Surgeon General of the U.S. Navy
Dedicated December 16, 2011, Kislev 20, 5772
Rabbi Aaron Landes, Rear Admiral CHC USN Ret.
Captain Gary "Yuri" Tabach, USN Ret.
Joshua H. Landes
* West side of Mikveh Israel. East side of 5th, North of Market.
* 39.951325,-75.148400 [map]
* On the Independence Mall tour
* Other exhibits: Religious
* See also:'s Thomas Jefferson page's Uriah P. Levy page's James A, Zimble page
+Mikveh Israel

First Opium War

Lin Zexu Memorial Statue
2012 (installed)
* Statue of Lin Zexu
* standing person, hat, telescope, sword
* inscription:
Lin Zexu (1785-1850) was a Chinese scholar and official during the late Qing dynasty. He is most famous for his fight against opium smuggling in Guangzhou, China. In 1838, Lin was sent to Guanadong to halt the importation of opium by the British. He confiscated more than 20,000 chests of opium and supervised its destruction during a 23-day campaign beginning on June 3, 1839 in Humen China. This action is usually considered to be the primary catalyst for the first Opium War (1839-1842) between Britain and China. In recognition of his valiant fight against narcotics and British invasion, Lin is highly respected in the history of China as national hero.
* Bridge over I-676. West side of 10th at Vine.
* 39.956900,-75.155750 [map]
* On the Convention District tour
* See also: Lin Zexu page

Civil War / War Between the States

Civil War Soldiers and Sailors Monument
John Massey Rhind, James H. Windrim, 1883
* big standing person wearing a hat, weapons, eagles, horses, olive branches, United States, Pennsylvania and Philadelphia seals
* The eagles and plaques are by John Massey Rhind. The soldier is variously attributed to John Lachmier or Lachmer.
* The soldier is identical to the one on the West Park Civil War Soldiers and Sailors Monument
* inscription:
They never fail who die in a great cause.
1861 Germantown's tribute to her heroic dead 1883
United States of America
Liberty and Union
now and forever, one and inseperable
The Keystone State
liberty without obedience is confusion and obedience without liberty is slavery.
The City of Brotherly Love
On Earth peace Good will toward men
* Market Square. Germantown between Shoolhouse and Church.
* 40.034325,-75.172300 [map]
* On the Germantown Avenue tour
* Other exhibits: Religious
* See also:'s John Massey Rhind page's James H. Windrim page's Market Square page

Major General John Fulton Reynolds
John Rogers, 1884
* Statue of John Fulton Reynolds
* seated person, horse, hat, sword
* North side of City Hall. South side of JFK at Broad.
* 39.953225,-75.163250 [map]
* On the City Hall tour
* See also:
+One of Max Buten's pictures of this piece
+1911 picture of this piece from
+another 1911 picture of this piece from's John Rogers page's John F. Reynolds page's City Hall page's City Hall page

Major General George Gordon Meade
Alexander Milne Calder, 1887
* Statue of George Gordon Meade
* seated person, horse
* Lansdowne Drive, West of Black Road.
* 39.981075,-75.208140 [map]
* On the West Park tour
* See also:
+Max Buten's picture of this piece's Alexander Milne Calder page's George Meade page

General George McClellan
Henry Jackson Ellicott, 1894
* Statue of George B. McClellan
* seated person, hat, sword, horse
* North side of City Hall. South side of JFK at Broad.
* 39.953250,-75.163650 [map]
* On the City Hall tour
* See also:
+1911 picture of this piece from
+another 1911 picture of this piece from
+1913 picture of this piece from's George B. McClellan page's City Hall page's City Hall page

General Ulysses S. Grant
Daniel Chester French, Edward C. Potter, 1897
* Statue of Ulysses S. Grant
* seated person, hat, horse
* Kelly Drive and Fountain Green Drive.
* 39.980790,-75.197900 [map]
* On the Kelly Drive tour
* See also:
+Chesterwood: home of Daniel Chester French's Ulysses S. Grant page

Smith Memorial Arch
Herbert Adams, George E. Bissell, Alexander Stirling Calder, Katherine M. Cohen, Moses Jacob Ezekiel, Daniel Chester French, Charles Grafly, Samuel Murray, Edward C. Potter, John Massey Rhind, Bessie O. Potter Vonnoh, John Quincy Adams Ward, James H. Windrim, 1897 - 1912
* Statues and busts of James A. Beaver, S.W. Crawford, Andrew Gregg Curtin, John A. B. Dahlgren, John B. Gest, Winfield Scott Hancock, John Hartranft, George B. McClellan, George Gordon Meade, David Dixon Porter, John Fulton Reynolds, Richard Smith and James H. Windrim
* big arches, standing people, seated people, heads, horses, eagles, globe, weapons, hats
* Despite the name, the memorial is actually not an arch at all, though it does include two arches. Sculptures on the memorial include Herbert Adams' statue of Richard Smith, who funded the memorial, and Samuel Murray's bust of James H. Windrim, who was the artist and architect of the memorial itself. Detail pictures of the individual pieces are in alphabetical order by subject. One of John Massey Rhind's eagles is pictured last. Dahlgren is listed elsewhere as "Dahlgreen."
* Avenue of the Republic at 41st.
* 39.977450,-75.206500 [map]
* On the West Park tour
* See also:'s page for this piece's page for this piece's page for this piece's Herbert Adams page's George E. Bissell page's Alexander Stirling Calder page's Katherine M. Cohen page's Moses Jacob Ezekiel page
+Chesterwood: home of Daniel Chester French's Charles Grafly page's Samuel Murray page's John Massey Rhind page Bessie O. Potter Vonnoh page John Quincy Adams Ward page's James H. Windrim page
+PA Historical and Museum Commission's James Addams Beaver page
+PA Historical and Museum Commission's Andrew Gregg Curtin page
+biography of John A. B. Dahlgren from
+The W. S. Hancock Society
+Petersburg National Battlefield John Hartranft page's George B. McClellan page's George Meade page
+U.S. Navy's David Dixon Porter page
+National Park Service's David Dixon Porter page's John F. Reynolds page

Washington Grays Monument
John Wilson, 1908
* Portrait on soldier's hat of George Washington
* standing person wearing a hat, rifle
* The base was created by Joseph Wilson in 1872
* inscription: To Our Fallen Comrades 1861-1865
* In front of the Union League. Southwest corner, Broad and Sansom.
* 39.950060,-75.164350 [map]
* On the Avenue of the Arts tour
* Other exhibits: Favorites
* See also:
+Max Buten's page for this piece page for this piece's George Washington page
+The Union League

Civil War Soldiers and Sailors Monument
* standing person, hat, rifle
* The soldier is identical to the one atop the Germantown Civil War Soldiers and Sailors Monument
* inscription:
Dedicated May 8, 1909 to the soldiers and sailors of the Civil War 1861 to 1865
Did they succeed
Let this monument be their answer
One country and one flag
In memory of the members of Courtland Saunders Post No. 21 G.A.R. Dept. PA
* Belmont and South George's.
* 39.985925,-75.215975 [map]
* On the West Park tour
* Other exhibits: Unidentified
* See also: 1959 picture of this piece

Spirit of '61
Henry Kirke Bush-Brown, 1911
* standing person, hat, rifle
* inscription:
First Regiment Infantry National Guard of Pennsylvania
(Gray Reserves)
1861 - April 19 - 1911
* In front of the Union League. Southwest corner, Broad and Sansom.
* 39.949800,-75.164400 [map]
* On the Avenue of the Arts tour
* See also:
+Max Buten's picture of this piece 1957 picture of the Union League with this piece visible's Henry Kirke Bush-Brown page
+The Union League

Satterlee General Hospital Marker
* References to Isaac Israel Hayes and Richard Sherwood Satterlee
* rock
* The plaque references Richard Smith Satterlee. But the correct name appears to be Richard Sherwood Satterlee.
* inscription: This stone from the battle-field of Gettysburg is placed by citizens of the neighborhood in the year 1915 to mark the nearby site of the West Philadelphia General Hostpital of the United States Army-later designated the Satterlee General Hospital in honor of Brigadier-General Richard Smith Satterlee, U.S.A. A noted surgeon - and also to commemorate the services of the patriotic men and women who as volunteer physicians, nurses and co-workers under General Isaac I. Hayes, Surgeon in Chief, here ministered from June 9, 1862 to August 3, 1865 to more than twenty thousand sick and wounded soldiers of the Civil War.
* North side of Clark Park. South side of Baltimore Avenue, West of 43rd.
* 39.949300,-75.210330 [map]
* See also:'s Satterlee General Hospital page's Isaac Israel Hayes page
+Army Medical History Satterlee biography Clark Park page

Civil War Sailors Memorial
Hermon Atkins MacNeil, 1921
* big stele, angel, group of people, standing, lying and kneeling, suggestion of a ship, hats, weapons, anchor, seahorses, eagles
* inscription:
front top: In giving freedom to the slave we assure freedom to the free.
front bottom: All who have labored today in behalf of the Union have wrought for the best interests of the country and the world not only for the present but for all future ages.
back: Port Royal, Port Hatteras, Port Henry, Hampton Roads, New Orleans, Memphis, Port Hudson, Charleston, Mobile Bay, Drury's Bluff, Cherbourg, Fort Fisher, 1961-1865.
* South side of the Parkway, West of 20th.
* 39.959420,-75.172960 [map]
* On the Parkway and Pennsylvania tour
* See also: 1959 picture of this piece
+another 1959 picture of this piece's Hermon Atkins MacNeil page

Civil War Soldiers Memorial
Hermon Atkins MacNeil, 1921
* big stele, group of people, standing people, angel, hats, weapons, flag, eagle, horse
* The last picture is of the reference to this piece from the mural at 12th and Walnut
* inscription:
front top: One country, one Constitution, one destiny.
front bottom: Each for himself gathered up the cherished purposes of life, its aims and ambitions, its dearest affections, and flung all with life itself into the scale of battle.
back: Donaldson, The Peninsula, Antietem, Murfreesborg, Chancelorsville, Gettysburg, Chickanagua, Chattanooga, Petersburg, Atlanta, Appomatox, 1861-1865
* North side of the Parkway, West of 20th.
* 39.959650,-75.172650 [map]
* On the Parkway and Pennsylvania tour
* See also: 1959 picture of this piece
+another 1959 picture of this piece's Hermon Atkins MacNeil page

General Galusha Pennypacker
Charles Grafly, Albert Laessle, 1934
* Statue of Galusha Pennypacker
* standing person wearing a helmet, cats, cannon
* inscription:
Galusha Pennypacker
Brevet Major General
United States Army
* North side of Logan Square. Parkway East of 19th.
* 39.958515,-75.169675 [map]
* On the Parkway and Pennsylvania tour
* Other exhibits: Favorites
* See also: 1935 picture of this piece's Charles Grafly page
+National Museum of Wildlife Art's Albert Laessle page's Galusha Pennypacker page's Logan Circle page

Johnnie Ring
Boris Blai, 1958 (installed 1964)
* Statue of and tribute to Johnnie Ring
* small standing person wearing a hat, Bible, sword
* inscription:
"Johnnie Ring was the youth whose example in life and heroism in death provided inspiration that led to the founding of Temple University. In the war between the states he was personal orderly to Captain Russell H. Conwell of the 46th Massachusetts Infantry. The moving forces of his life at that time were his religious faith and his devotion to Captain Conwell. When a surprise Confederate attack routed Union troops, it was Johnnie Ring who raced across a flaming bridge and through enemy gunfire to retrieve from his commander's tent the ceremonial sword presented to the Captain by the city of Springfield. He brought back the sword, but he died that night of his burns as Conwell knelt by his cot in prayer. The incident turned Conwell to the ministry as a life work and later to the founding of Temple University. He vowed to live a life for Johnnie Ring as well as for himself. Eight hours of work a day for Johnnie, eight hours of work for his own. Except for Johnnie Ring, Conwell would never have told America the story of the acres of diamonds, nor would he have built the University that enabled multitudes of young men and women to realize the promise of education." -Russell Conwell Cooney
A lad who didn't die
* West side of Watts Walk, North of Berks Mall.
* 39.982575,-75.156525 [map]
* On the Temple Campus tour
* Other exhibits: Religious
* See also:
+Temple University Libraries: Boris Blai Personal Papers

A Quest for Parity: The Octavius V. Catto Memorial
Branly Cadet, 2017
* Memorial to and statue of Octavius Catto
* big and small standing person, ideas, cube and mirrored orb, steles representing a streetcar and a representational streetcar, buildings, plants, horse, clouds, groups of people, some sitting, hats, guns, baseball equipment
* inscription:
South side of steles, North side of cube:
There must come a change which will force upon this nation that course which providence seems wisely to be directing for the mutual benefit of all peoples.
West side of steles, West side of cube:
Educator Leader Major Athlete Activist
South side of cube: October 10, 1871
East side of cube:
Amendment to the United States Constitution
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
North side of steles:
1839 Born February 22 in Charleston, South Carolina
1854 Becomes a student at the Philadelphia Institute for Colored Youth
1858 Graduates from the Institute for Colored Youth
1859 Chosen as a member and recording secretary of the Banneker Institute, an all black literary society led by Jacob White, Jr. Hired as an English and mathematics teacher at his alma mater. Campaign to desegregate the horse-drawn streetcars in Philadelphia begins.
1863 becomes a member of the Pennsylvania National Guard. Helps lead a civil war recruitment committee with Frederick Douglas, members of the Union League, and others, which raises eleven regiments of black troops who trained at Camp William Penn in Cheltenham.
1864 Named corresponding secretary of the Pennsylvania Equal Rights League, an affiliate of the National Equal Rights League. Appointed Vice President of the State Convention of Colored People held in Harrisburg. Led civil disobedience protests and lobbied white legislators in Harrisburg to desegregate streetcars.
1865 Co-authored the state Equal Rights League call for voting rights, streetcar desegregation, and the hiring of black teachers for black students in public schools.
1867 Governor signs statewide "Bill of Rights" law desegregating streetcars. Led the Pythians Base Ball Club of Philadelphia to an undefeated season.
1869 Named principal of male students at the Institute for Colored Youth Pythians play the Olympic Ball Club in Philadelphia in the first match between black and white teams. A leader of the unsuccessful effort to integrate the private City Wide Congress of Literary Societies. Helps lead successful Pennsylvania campaign to pass the 15th Amendment which led to thousands of black men registering to vote.
1870 The Union League presents Octavius Catto, Frederick Douglas, and Robert Purvis with a banner celebrating Pennsylvania's adoption of the 15th Amendment at a ceremony on Broad Street. Writes curriculum for new schools for freed former slaves in the District of Columbia. Becomes a member of the original Franklin Institute breaking the color line at the prestigious national forum for advancing American science and technology.
1871 Named an Inspector General with the rank of Major in the Pennsylvania National Guard. Shot to death on October 10, on South Street in the midst of election day riots. He was 32, and one of many black men shot or attacked that day by opponents of the 15th Amendment. As one of Philadelphia's most influential leaders, more than 5,000 mourners attended his funeral and procession down Broad Street.
* South side of City Hall. North side of S. Penn Square at Broad.
* 39.951775,-75.164100 [map]
* On the City Hall tour
* Other exhibits: Athletic, African American
* See also:'s Octavius Catto page's City Hall page's City Hall page

Vera Cruz

Charles Allen Smith
Francis P. Moitz, 1917
* Statue of Charles Allen Smith
* standing person wearing a hat, eagle, rock
* inscription:
Erected by the Allied Monument Committee of Phila.
To Charles Allen Smith
April 21, 1917
Killed at Vera Cruz
April 22, 1914
* Southeast corner of McPherson Square Park. Northwest of Kensington and Indiana.
* 39.994600,-75.118425 [map]
* On the Kensington tour
* See also:
+Free Libray of Philadelphia page about McPherson Square and the statue article about the United States occupation of Vera Cruz

World War I

Chestnut Hill and Mt. Airy World War I Memorial
1918 (based on inscription)
* big cross
* inscription:
In loving memory of the men
of Chestnut Hill and Mt. Airy
Who died in the World War
France, 1918
They challenge us to hold more precious than mortal life
Ideals of Honour, Justice, and Righteousness.
They counted not their lives dear unto themselves
* Germantown Ave. and Mermaid Lane.
* 40.067750,-75.197150 [map]
* On the Germantown Avenue tour

Over the Top
John Paulding, 1920
* standing person, helmet, rifle
* Misattributed many places as "Doughboy, Ernest Moore Viquesney, 1919." Thanks to Kenneth Berchem-Nigg for the correction.
* inscription: In memory of our boys of the sixth, eleventh, and twelfth wards who served in the Great War of the nations, 1914-1918
* Northeast corner, 2nd and Spring Garden.
* 39.960835,-75.141250 [map]
* On the Northern Liberties tour
* Other exhibits: Favorites
* See also:'s John Paulding page

East Germantown World War Memorial
* stele, words, garland, shield
* inscription:
Erected by the people of East Germantown as an imperishable tribute to the memory of the more than one thousand of its heroes who served in the World War 1917-1918 offering to our country all that mortal man could give: their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honor.
To all who pass this sacred spot, let the head be bowed, a tear be shed - may the heart swell in gratitude and praise in honor of those to whom this memorial stands.
Aisne Marne
St. Mihiel
Meuse Argonne
Chateau Thierry
* Traffic island, Chelten, Wyncote, and Wister.
* 40.052065,-75.157900 [map]
* Other exhibits: New

Tribute Trees Tablet
Paul Philippe Cret, 1924
* small text, plant forms
* inscription:
1914 1918
Tribute Trees
The trees along this Parkway have been planted as a tribute of honor and gratitude to the men who served their country in the Great War.
* On the ground. Southeast entrance of the circle. Logan Square. 19th and the Parkway.
* 39.957640,-75.170185 [map]
* On the Parkway and Pennsylvania tour
* See also:
+The Paul Philippe Cret Collection at's Logan Circle page

World War I Tablet
Nicola D'Ascenzo Studios, 1943 (? not legible)
* small eagle, branches, symbols
* inscription:
This tablet is erected by grateful citizens in honor of the men who offered the supreme sacrifice and of the women who forever glorified womanhood and made victory possible in the Great World War for The Freedom of Mankind
Not for a transient victory or some
stubborn belief that they alone were right
not for a selfish purpose did they fight
but for the generations still to come
Aug 4, 1914 - Apr 6, 1917 - Nov 11, 1918
* Wall. East side of the South tower entrance, City Hall. South side of JFK at Broad.
* 39.952600,-75.163450 [map]
* On the City Hall tour
* See also: Nicola D'Ascenzo page's City Hall page's City Hall page

Aero Memorial
Paul Manship, 1950
* Quotes from and in honor of Julian Biddle, Richard Foulke Day, Norton Downs, Jr., John Drinkwater, Carl Christian Glanz, William Besse Kuen, Stephen Phillips, William Shakespeare, Stephen Spender and Houston Woodward
* small reclining person, birds, celestial globe
* The surrounding inscribed walls and benches are also part of the memorial.
* inscription:
pillar: Aero Memorial, World War I, 1917-1918
To the aviators of Pennsylvania killed in action
Thou hast caught splendour from the sailless sea, and mystery from many stars outwatched. - Stephen Phillips
Master and Maker, God of right the soldier dead are at thy gate who kept the spears of honour bright and freedom's house inviolate. -John Drinkwater
Born of the sun they traveled a short while toward the sun, and left the vivid air signed with their honor. - Stephen Spender
Death makes no conquest of the conqueror for now he lives in fame though not in life. -William Shakespeare
* Aviator Park. East side of 20th St. between Race and the Parkway.
* 39.958090,-75.172060 [map]
* On the Parkway and Pennsylvania tour
* Other exhibits: Favorites
* See also: 1959 picture of this piece
+One of Max Buten's pictures of this piece
+Another of Max Buten's pictures of this piece's Paul Manship page's John Drinkwater page's Stephen Phillips page's William Shakespeare page's Stephen Spender page

Khoren der Harootian, 1976
* Statue of Meher
* standing, sitting, and lying people, cross, human bones, helmets, weapons, buildings, mountains, plants, horses, vulture, water, sun
* inscription:
On this day, April 24, 1976, commemorating the 61st anniversary of the martyrdom of the Armenian nation and celebrating the bicentennial year of American independence, we Americans of Armenian heritage in eternal gratitude to God dedicate this monument to our adopted land of the United States.
Meher - A legendary figure of inspiring power symbolizing the invincible faith of the Armenian people, the first nation to embrace Christianity (301 AD).
Keeping Watch over the cultural heritage of Armenia.
Day of Infamy, April 24, 1915 the genocide and martyrdom of the Armenian Nation.
St. Vartan at the battle of Avarayr (451 AD). History's first defense of the Christian faith.
Mid the ashes of the martyrs, mother and child look to freedom for Armenia and all nations.
* South side of Kelly Drive, West of 25th.
* 39.966500,-75.179800 [map]
* On the Art Museum Grounds tour
* Other exhibits: Religious
* See also:
+page about this piece from

Girard Avenue War Memorials
2010 (restored)
* stele
* inscription:
In memory of the men and women of the Pennsylvania Railroad and our community who laid down their lives for our country. Let all who pass here remember those who served in times of peril and whose bravery kept our nation strong and free.
Dedicated to the 29th Ward
War Mothers
Gold Star Mothers
Gold Star Wives
Who offered their all to create peace in the world.
* South side of Girard, East of 31st.
* 39.974820,-75.186525 [map]
* On the Fairmount tour
* See also: article about the restoration of this piece

The Holocaust

Monument to the Six Million Jewish Martyrs
Nathan Rapoport, 1964
* people, books and scrolls, sword, flames
* Currently in a box while the plaza is being rebuilt. The base of the memorial has inscriptions in both English and Hebrew
* inscription:
front (English):
Presented to the City of Philadelphia by the Association of Jewish New Americans in cooperation with the Federation of Jewish Agencies of Greater Philadelphia, April 26 1964.
right (English):
Remember Drancy, Flossenberg, Gross-Rosea, Klooga, Ewow-Janowska, Majdanek, Mauthausen, Newengamme, Auschwitz, Babi-Yar, Belzic, Bergen-Belsen, Buchenwald, Chelmno, Dauchau, Ponary, Ravensbruck, Sachsenhausen, Sobibor, Stutthof, Therestenstadt, Trebeinka, Westerbork.
left (English):
The Holocaust 1933-1945.
Now and forever enshrined in memory are the six million Jewish martyrs who perished in concentration camps, ghettos, and gas chambers. In their deepest agony they clung to the image of humanity, and their acts of resistance in the forests and ghettos redeemed the honor of man. Their suffering and heroism are forever branded upon our conscience and shall be remembered from generation to generation.
* 16th, Arch, and the Parkway.
* 39.955085,-75.167150 [map]
* On the Parkway and Pennsylvania tour
* Other exhibits: Missing, Religious

World War II

* statue of Mary
* small standing person
* inscription:
Erected to the memory of our 1943A Classmates who gave their lives in World War II
Raymond E. Adams, Donald A. Bath, John J. Corcoran, Robert M. Cox, John A. Dreger, Richard Farrell, James J. French, Laurence H. Gellbach, Walter F. Higgins, John J. Loughery, Francis J. Mac Murtrie, Robert De L. McKee
Donated by friends and relatives
* Between the stairs. Barbelin Hall, Saint Joseph's University. City Line, West of 54th.
* 39.995350,-75.237950 [map]
* Other exhibits: Religious
* See also:'s Mary, mother of Jesus page
+Saint Joseph's University

Pennsylvania Railroad World War II Memorial
Walker Hancock, 1952
* big vertical people (one winged)
* inscription:
In memory of the men and women of the Pennsylvania Railroad who laid down their lives for our country 1941-1945.
That all travelers here may remember those of the Pennsylvania Railroad who did not return from the Second World War.
* Main lobby. 30th Street Station. North side of Market between 29th and 30th.
* 39.955635,-75.181575 [map]
* On the Avenue of Technology tour
* Other exhibits: Religious
* See also:
+Prominently displayed in the movie Witness's Walker Hancock page's 30th Street Station page

World War II Submariners Memorial
* submarine and actual parts of submarines, actual anchor, actual torpedo
* inscription: (excerpts from three plaques)
Still on Patrol
U.S. Navy submarines paid heavily for their success in World War II.
A total of 374 officers and 3131 men are board these 52 U.S. submarines still on "patrol."
We shall never forget that it was our submarines that held the lines against the enemy, while our fleets replaced losses and repaired wounds.
-Fleet Admiral C.W. Nimitz, U.S.N.
I can assure you that they went down fighting and that their brothers who survived them took a grim toll of our savage enemy to avenge their deaths.
-Vice Admiral C.A. Lockwood, Jr., U.S.N.
Commander Submarine Force 1943-1946
U.S.S. Trigger - S.S. 237
Commissioned January 30, 1942
Lost on patrol March 28, 1945
Still On Patrol
In memory of the brave submariners who gave their lives in peace-time for their country
* Penn's Landing between Dock and South.
* 39.943700,-75.141300 [map]
* On the Penn's Landing tour

Korean War

Philadelphia Korean War Memorial
* Letter from Kim Dae-jung
* emblems and historical text, map, pictures of people, free-standing walls, relief busts, headgear
* a row of ground-mounted plaques (in the last four pictures) has been added on the North side of the piece since the original installation
* 38th Parallel Place (near Front, Dock, and Spruce).
* 39.944910,-75.143450 [map]
* On the Penn's Landing tour
* See also:
+Philadelphia Korean War Memorial website's Kim Dae-jung page

The Final Farewell
Lorann Jacobs, 2007
* small person kneeling, weapons, helmet
* 38th Parallel Place (near Front, Dock, and Spruce).
* 39.945040,-75.143575 [map]
* On the Penn's Landing tour
* See also:

Vietnam War

Buckley Park Vietnam Memorial
* Memorial to Charles J. Buckley
* rock
* inscription:
In Memory of
PFC Charles J. Buckley USMC
And of other Americans
who gave their lives in
the Republic of Vietnam
* Buckley Park. Northeast corner, Germantown and Hartwell.
* 40.073400,-75.202650 [map]
* On the Germantown Avenue tour
* See also: article about the park page for the park

Philadelphia Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Perry M. Morgan, 1987
* ideas, ideals and logos map, people standing, crouching, helmets, weapons, airplanes and helicopters, plants, buildings
* inscription:
The Philadelphia Vietnam Veterans Memorial is designed to honor those who served in all branches of the United States Armed Forces during the Vietnam War. The memorial pays tribute to the 80,000 Philadelphia Vietnam Era Veterans who served our country in our nation's longest war.
By honoring these veterans the Philadelphia Vietnam Veterans Memorial separates the warrior from the war, focuses on the valor and sacrifice of those patriots, and gives each of them a place in history.
It is our duty to remember the gallant Americans whose names grace this wall. They sacrificed their lives in the service of our country during the Vietnam War 1964-1975.
For those who fought for it, freedom has a flavor the protected will never know.
* Plaza. Southeast Corner, Front and Spruce.
* 39.943910,-75.142825 [map]
* On the Penn's Landing tour
* Other exhibits: African American

Raid on Entebbe

Jonathan Netanyahu Memorial
Buky Schwartz, 1986
* Memorial to Jonathan Netanyahu
* abstract forms
* inscription:
Entebbe, Jonathan Netanyahu, July 4, 1976.
They were swifter than eagles, they were faster than lions. The bow of Jonathan turned not back. II Samuel 1.22,23
Jonathan Netanyahu, 1946-1976
* Outside Mikveh Israel. East Side of 5th Street, North of Market, along the walkway between 4th and 5th.
* 39.951115,-75.147760 [map]
* On the Independence Mall tour
* Other exhibits: Religious
* See also:
+The museum's page for this piece
+Max Buten's picture of this piece's Jonathan Netanyahu page
+Mikveh Israel


Philadelphia Beirut Memorial
Douglas Corsini, 1985
* Memorial to Cpl. Moses Arnold, Jr., Sgt. John J. Bonk, Jr., Cpl. Thomas A. Hairston, Sgt. Gilbert Hanton, Cpl. John F. Muffler, Sgt. Rafael Pomales-Torres, Pfc. Rui Manuel A. Relvas, Cpl. Louis J. Rotondo and Sgt. Allen D. Wesley
* eagle, 3D USMC logo, globe, anchor
* Was at Penn's Landing on the North side of the Seaport Museum. Moved prior to 2010. The last picture is from the original location.
* inscription:
In Memoriam to the Philadelphia Marine Casualties of the Beirut Peace Keeping Mission.
If you forget my death then I died in vain.
October 23, 1983, 241 servicemen killed in the Beirut Terrorist Bombing.
Dedicated October 20, 1985
* Walkway North and East of Front and Spruce.
* 39.944885,-75.142660 [map]
* On the Penn's Landing tour
* Other exhibits: Moved

September 11, 2001

September 11, 2001 Memorial
Wells Appel, 2012
* Memorial to Jasper Baxter, Kevin Leah Bowser and Christopher Robert Clarke
* floor beam from the World Trade Center
* inscription:
This floor beam was taken from one of the World Trade Center towers to preserve the memory of the brave and innocent victims of the attack on September 11, 2001, including the Philadelphia residents whose names are inscribed on this memorial.
Jasper Baxter
Born 1-28-1956
Died 9-11-2001
Kevin Leah Bowser
Born 3-7-1956
Died 9-11-2001
Christopher Robert Clarke
Born 7-14-1967
Died 9-11-2001
* Next to the Chestnut Street Bridge. Schuylkill Banks, South of Chestnut.
* 39.952750,-75.180350 [map]
* On the Rittenhouse Square tour
* See also: Jasper Baxter memorial page Kevin L. Bowser memorial page Christopher Robert Clarke memorial page

See Also

+Memorial Day
+Disabled American Veterans
+Jennifer Stumbaugh Photography: Home From War
+War Memorials
+Veterans of Foreign Wars
+Vietnam Veterans of America